Bagaimana sih perbedaan performa dari berbagai jenis baterai?


Di artikel soal baterai sebelumnya, ada yang menyebut baterai alternatif lain.

Ternyata ada daftar yang menunjukkan perbedaan performa berbagai jenis baterai. Ini mungkin bisa membantu memberikan gambaran.

Berikut datanya, namun perhatikan bahwa efek samping seperti misalnya suhu kerja terbatas, sifat panas dan potensi besar arus yang bisa lewat tidak disertakan.
Battery cell chemistry comparison

Energy by Weight = jumlah energi tiap kg
Specific Power = Bisa kasih tenaga berapa tiap kg
Energy by Volume = jumlah energi tiap ukuran liter
Max discharge rate = jumlah arus maksimum, 10 C = 10 kali kapasitas
Recharge Time = waktu pengisian
Cycle Life Cycles = berapa kali bisa dicharge
Self Discharge per month = isi berkurang sendiri berapa banyak dalam sebulan
Temp Range °C = suhu kerja
Preferred Charge Method = cara pengisian yang cocok
Average Energy Cost $/kWh = biaya per kwh

Production Cell Voltage Energy by Weight Wh/Kg: Specific Power W/Kg Energy by Volume Wh/L Max discharge rate
Lead Acid 1881 2.0 V 30-40 180 60-75 10C
NiCad 1956 1.2V 40-60 150 50-150
NiMH 1990 1.2V 30-80 250-1000 140-300 20C
Zinc Air 1997 1.15V 200 80-140 220
Aluminium Air 1.5V 220 30
Nickel Iron 1901 1.2V 50 100
Nickel Zinc 1920 1.5V 60 300 100
Sodium Sulphur 1960 2.1V 110 150
Zebra NaNiCl 1982 2.58V 100 150 160
LiCoO2 1992 3.7V 90-140 760 220–350 40C
LiMn2O4 1999 3.6V 160 1800 270 40C
Li-Ph 3.2V 150 ??? 250
LiNiCoO2
LiNiO2
Li2S8 2003 2.1V 300 400
Lithium Metal 2002 3.0V 150 250
Lithium Metal 2003 4.0V 200 500
Recharge Time Cycle Life Cycles Self Discharge per month Temp Range °C Preferred Charge Method
Lead Acid >10 Hours 500-800 3%–4% Const Voltage
NiCad 8 Hours 2000 0.2 -40°C to +60°C Const Current (- Delta V)
NiMH 6 Hours 1500 0.3 -20°C to +60°C Dt/dt – (- Delta V) and Timer
Zinc Air 200 NA
Aluminium Air NA
Nickel Iron 20%-40%
Nickel Zinc 600 <20%
Sodium Sulphur 1000
Zebra NaNiCl 1000 Zero
LiCoO2 < 3 Hours 1200 5%-10% -20°C to +60°C Const Voltage Const Current
LiMn2O4 < 3 Hours 1200 5%-10% -20°C to +60°C Const Voltage Const Current
Li-Ph
LiNiCoO2
LiNiO2
Li2S8 <5%
Lithium Metal
Lithium Metal
Average Energy Cost $/kWh Comments: Generally energy density depends on whether optimised for capacity or power
Lead Acid 150 Deteriorates with microcycles
NiCad $400-800 Memory Effect
NiMH 250 “High self discharge rate
Useful power down to 50% DOD”
Zinc Air 80 “Primary Cell Can not accept Regen loads
Uses replacable electrodes”
Aluminium Air “Primary Cell Can not accept Regen loads
Needs booster due to low specific power”
Nickel Iron $150-200 Corrosion problems
Nickel Zinc $150-200 Dendrite growth causes short cycle life
Sodium Sulphur “High Temp 350°C
Damaged if temp < 200°C Discontinued"
Zebra NaNiCl 300 High Temp 270°C
LiCoO2 300 “Expensive Toxic materials
Useful power down to 80% DOD”
LiMn2O4 300 Useful power down to 80% DOD
Li-Ph $600 Target No field experience
LiNiCoO2 No field experience
LiNiO2 No field experience
Li2S8 No field experience
Lithium Metal No field experience
Lithium Metal No field experience

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